What is (IVF)?
IVF is a short form of In vitro fertilization; it is a complicated, lengthy procedure used to cure ongoing infertility issues. Dr. Ruchi Bhandari (Infertility specialist) from the best IVF hospital in Jaipur says that if you’re unable to get pregnant, you must look out for infertility causes in females like menstrual cycle problems, infections, structural problems, and many more.
The process starts with taking out mature eggs from ovaries & fertilizing them by sperm in the lab (embryos) or fertilized eggs (embryo) transferred into the uterus.
IVF is the usual effective method of reproductive technology. The whole process is complete using eggs and sperm.
The entire cycle for IVF takes around three weeks. Sometimes split into different sections, and the process can take a while.
The chances of getting a healthy child by using IVF depend upon various factors, like – your age & the cause of your infertility. It is time-consuming, expensive, and unintrusive.
There is also a risk of (various reproductions) if more than one embryo will transfer into the uterus. Treatment may also result in fertility with more than one fetus.
Your health adviser or doctor could guide you to understand how IVF works, what the risks are, and which methods of treating infertility work best for you.
How does IVF work?
The process starts with fertility drugs you have to take, which will begin a process known as Stimulation or Superovulation.
In short, the drugs which contain Follicle Stimulating Hormone will guide your body to mass-produce eggs per month more than 1-(standard).
The extra eggs your body will produce, the higher chances of having successful fertilization later in the treatment.
You and your doctor get to know about it with the help of transvaginal ultrasound and regular blood tests during the IVF procedure to learn about your ovaries and your hormone levels.
(In vitro fertilization) Process –
Separation or removal of the eggs –
A day earlier, your eggs will retrieve from your body. You will get hormone medicine. This will ease your eggs to develop fastly.
Next, you will be proceeding through a minor operational method to remove your eggs as an outpatient operation in your doctor’s office.
The specialist will do an ultrasound to conduct a syringe needle into your ovaries through the vagina.
A device will attach with a needle that creates suction to collect out your eggs one at a time.
Isn’t it sound painful to you? Relax – you will be having medication before the process so that you won’t feel any discomfort.
You could experience minor cramping after the process, but this only stays for one or a maximum of 2 days. After that, it will disappear, says- NHI.
Collection of sperm from partner or donor –
In meanwhile, the doctor will remove your eggs, and your partner will give a sperm sample.
After that, the sample will go through a high-speed washing and spinning to get the healthiest ones.
Merging of sperm and eggs –
In this portion of IVF, the doctor consolidates the best sperm with your best eggs. Known as insemination, people are most familiar with this part.
It commonly takes several hours for a sperm to germinate with an egg. The doctor also injects sperm directly inside the egg.
Transference of the embryo(s) into your uterus–
When your egg collection would complete, you’ll receive another medicine. And this is to prepare the lining of the uterus to receive embryos that will transfer back into you.
After fertilization, your doctor will see you in three to five days to place embryos into the uterus using a medical catheter.
The doctor will shift many embryos back into you, believing that they will root and be productive in the lining of your uterus and start to grow.
In some cases, the embryo implants more than one. Because of that, multiple pregnancies are common in women who take the help of IVF.
IVF procedure is a replication of natural reproduction.
The next most crucial step after IVF is to test the result of the pregnancy to know IVF worked or not.
Consequences of IVF?
- Early delivery and under birth weight.
- Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.
- Egg-retrieval procedure complications.
- Ectopic pregnancy.
- Congenital disabilities.
Read more – Tips on Taking Care of Your Overall Health.
What is IVF success rate?
The national average rate for Vitro fertilization (IVF) success for women younger than 35 is around 55% on the first try; the number is regularly dropping as the women age.
How much does IVF cost?
The lump-sum cost for an IVF cycle in India could be anywhere between Rs 80,000 and up to Rs 4 lakhs. Maybe, additional medicines or tests required it will cost separately.