Many candidates feel employment drug testing is required because their boss thinks they are probably involved with alcohol or drugs. But that is far from reality. As a result, many resent it and could do anything to avoid it if given a chance. But the truth is such tests are meant to discourage the use of drugs and alcohol abuse. This is to ensure that the work environment is safe for all.
If your potential employer insists on drug testing before employment, you don’t have to be anxious. There are certain things about employment drug testing you should know, and they could ease your anxiety about the process.
Why Employee Drug Testing is Necessary
It is compulsory for businesses regulated by the federal or state government to perform a drug test on potential employees in the US. And those who aren’t under such regulation are at liberty to decide whether to drug test their employees or not—however, many employers go ahead to do it to create a drug-free environment in the workplace.
Most employers see it as a plus if a potential employee avails themselves for drug testing even before they ask for it. Most employers would ask you to find drug testing near me or send you to a designated clinic for the test.
Here are five things about drugs testing you should know
The Different Reasons for Drug Test
Random drug test: in this case, all employees are placed in a pool and randomly selected for drug testing. Many companies use software for the selection, and there are no specific criteria for the selection in most cases.
Pre-employment drug test: Most employees receive instructions for drug testing before getting an offer of employment from the company. The result of the test usually determines whether they will receive an offer for employment or not. It is often the last stage of the screening process which many businesses undertake before hiring an employee.
Post-accident drug test: An employee may ask an employee to take a post-accident drug test after being involved in an accident. This ensures that they were not under the influence of drugs or alcohol that may have caused an accident initially. So they could become liable for employee compensation.
Reasonable suspicion drug test: The law permits an employee to perform a drug test on an employee during cases of emergency where the employer suspects that the worker may be under the influence of alcohol or drugs. At the same time, at work, after due observations and policy follow-up.
The employer could arrange for a mobile testing unit to come to the business premises or take the employee to the testing center. If the test turns out positive, the employer has the right to terminate the employment.
The Drugs Included in a Drug Test
Employers usually follow their drug testing policy in determining the drugs to include in a drug test. However, under most circumstances, employers are not allowed to ask about prescription drug use. Generally, employment drug tests are meant to detect the following:
- Opioids such as codeine and hydrocodone
- Phencyclidine (PCP)
Understand Drug Testing Terms
It is recommended to understand drug testing terms commonly used. This is to reduce anxiety during the testing process. Such terms include:
- Collector: the lab technician that conducts the test.
- Medical review officer: the licensed technician responsible for reviewing lab results.
- Donor: the employee availing himself of a drug test.
- Sample: specimen for determining drug use, e.g., urine or blood.
How to Pass a Drug Test
Many job candidates are concerned about what they could do to pass a drug test since it goes a long way to determine whether they would be hired or not. An easy way to pass the test is to ensure you don’t have traces of drugs in your system. It could help if you knew how long alcohol or drugs stay in the system after being consumed.
The Different Types of Drug Tests
They are different employment-related drug tests that employers may use to determine or show the presence of drugs in an employee’s body system. The type of drug test an employer uses depends on their drug test policy and the state law regulations on an employment drug test they are mandated to adhere to during their employment process. The drug testing types include:
- Urine drug test
- Blood drug test
- Hair drug test
- Saliva drug screens
- Breathe alcohol test
- Sweat drug screens
In some states, laws are guiding how employers should conduct drug tests. Most of these laws require that the employer seek the employee’s consent and not deceitfully perform the test. The employee may, therefore, willingly accept or refuse to do the test.
However, if an employee has substance abuse issues or tests positive to an employee drug test, the laws regulating discriminating acts protect them from unfair treatment and discrimination from others.